Dialectical behavior therapy or DBT was developed by Marsha Linehan, who was also the developer of cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT.
DBT derived from cognitive behavioral therapy when Linehan found that CBT could not be applied to all psychological problems, specifically those related to borderline personality disorder. She found this when she attempted CBT on adult women who had a history of the urge to self-injure, attempt suicide, and other harmful behaviors.
Dialectical behavior therapy's approach to psychological issues was that those who were raised in a bad environment due to biological factors had reacted abnormally to stimulating emotions.
You can also opt for dialectical behavioral therapy center.
DBT consists of two components:
- Individual therapy
- Group therapy
In individual therapy, the therapist and client discuss issues that have arisen in the past week, record them on note cards and create a treatment target. Once those topics are covered, quality of life issues are discussed and the client begins working on improving his or her life. Skills to improve quality of life are then set forth.
In group therapy, skills to improve quality of life are taught for clients to begin improving their lives. The four main skills that are part of dialectal behavior therapy are:
- Core mindfulness – This is directed toward living in the present and viewing it without judgment. It entails living in the moment and experiencing feelings and senses with perspective.
- Interpersonal effectiveness – This is training to help clients communicate effectively. Similar to assertiveness and interpersonal problem-solving classes, it teaches clients effective strategies to say no, cope with interpersonal conflict, and asking for what someone else needs.
- Emotion regulation – This training includes labeling emotions, increasing positive emotions, increasing awareness of present emotions, reducing vulnerability to emotions, and identifying any obstacles with changing emotions.
- Distress tolerance – This treatment focuses on the ability to recognize and accept distress non-judgmentally, react calmly and rationally to distress and make good decisions as to how and whether to react to a distressing situation.