Chilblains are what is known as a non-freezing cold injury. It is a condition that occurs in the cold weather however is not a freezing cold problem such as frostbite. Chilblains are an irregular reaction of the small arteries in the feet to a difference in temperature from cold temperatures to warm. Generally if the foot is cold, the arteries close up in order to save warmth. Generally once the foot is heated up those arteries should really open up to boost blood circulation to the tissues. With a chilblain the arteries stay closed up for a longer interval of time after which they sooner or later and instantly open up. This causes an inflammatory response that causes a painful reddish colored spot on the toe. After a couple of days waste products develop in the skin and the colour changes to a dark blue colour. They usually are very painful.
The best way to manage a chilblain is to not get one in the first place. You need to do this by not really permitting the foot to get cold using comfortable socks and protective footwear. When the feet will get cooler, then it is imperative that you allow it to warm up slowing to give the circulation the chance to react to that warming. It's the too fast warming up of your skin which is the problem in a chilblain. If a chilblain can occur, then it ought to be taken care of. Good warm hosiery and also shoes really should be used. Applying a chilblain cream to massage them facilitates the blood circulation and helps with taking away those waste products that have built up. If your skin becomes broken, then suitable dressing with antiseptics really need to be used and kept being used until it mends since there is a high risk for an infection. It is then crucial that you prevent any additional chilblains developing in up coming days otherwise there is a good chance that this will end up a long-term ailment.